toggle-navlogo

IN PRACTICE

This page contains a list of the sources we consulted to create this guide, which may be of interest for further reading. We would also like to thank the many experts and industry stakeholders who contributed to the creation of this guide with their expertise and time.

Contributors:

Aditya Birla Fashion and Retail Ltd

  • Ashish Dikshit
  • Biren Vora
  • Naresh Tyagi

ASOS

  • Sue Williamson
  • Tara Luckman

Better Cotton Initiative

  • Alan McClay
  • Daren Abney
  • Lena Staafgard
  • Paula Lum Young

Burberry

  • Louisa Holbrook
  • Pamela Batty

C&A

  • Charline Ducas
  • Jeff Hogue
  • Kate Heiny

C&A Foundation

  • Anita Chester
  • Ipshita Sinha
  • Leslie Johnson
  • Margarida Curti Lunetta

Centre for Sustainable Fashion

  • Dilys Williams
  • Renee Cucou

Cotton Australia

  • Allan Williams
  • Brooke Summers

CottonConnect

  • Agnieszka Dziedzic
  • Alison Ward
  • Amol Mishra
  • Anna Karlsson
  • Arvind Rewal

Cotton Made in Africa

  • Tina Stridde
  • Abi Rushton
  • Alexandra Perschau
  • Anna Felicitas Ruechardt
  • Christian Barthel

Fairtrade Foundation

  • Subindu Garkhel

Fair Fashion Center, Glasgow Caledonian New York College

  • Maggie Kervick

Forum for the Future

  • Alexa Rees-Jones
  • Charlene Collison
  • Elizabeth Rich
  • Fiona Dowson
  • Kat Campbell
  • Sally Uren
  • Sandra Seru
  • Ulrike Stein

IDH - The Sustainable Trade Initiative

  • Elea Papaemmanuel
  • Joost Oorthuizen
  • Pramit Chanda

ISEAL Alliance

  • Patrick Mallet

Made- by

  • Holly Browne
  • Ria Kearney
  • Sabine Ritter

Marks & Spencer

  • Holly Coutts
  • Phil Townsend

Organic Cotton Accelerator (OCA)

  • Crispin Argento
  • Hilde Van Duijn

ProMundi

  • Andrew Singleton

Proudly Made in Africa

  • Connall o’Caoimh
  • Vikki Brennan

PVH

  • Gudrun Gudmundsdottir
  • Samantha Sims
  • Susan Irvine

Solidaridad

  • Isabelle Roge

SuperGroup

  • Carly Thomas
  • Paula Kerrigan

Sustainable & Organic Farm Systems

  • Simon Ferrigno

Target

  • Cola Leung
  • Emily McGarvey
  • Jill Davies
  • Kate Schaust
  • Lalit Toshniwal
  • Patty Reber
  • Sandra Durrant
  • Sarah Thorson

Textile Exchange

  • Alaina Johnson
  • Celeste Lilore
  • LaRhea Pepper
  • Liesl Truscott
  • Lisa Emberson
  • Payton LaRocque

Sources cited:

Cotton at a glance

Key facts about cotton:

  • Number of production countries: ICAC, 2017
  • Annual global production: ICAC Press Release, 1 December 2017
  • Most abundantly used produced natural fibre: ICAC, 100% of 100 Facts About Cotton
  • Production from one 227kg cotton bale: Cotton Australia, Cotton Facts
  • Average water footprint of seed cotton: Sustainable Cotton Ranking 2017, citing Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y., Savenije, H.H.G. and Gautam, R. (2006) The water footprint of cotton consumption: An assessment of the impact of worldwide consumption of cotton products on the water resources in the cotton producing countries, Ecological Economics, 60(1): 186-203.
  • Irrigation vs rain-fed production: Water use in cotton, ICAC 2018, Forthcoming. According to ICAC, the global area under rain-fed cotton is 16.9 million hectares, equivalent to 55.7% of the total cotton acreage. Rain-fed area contributed to 10.22 million tonnes of lint, equivalent to 41.3% of the total global cotton production.
  • Proportion of smallholder farmers: Fairtrade Foundation, 2015: Cotton Commodity briefing

From niche to mainstream

What is sustainable cotton?

Understanding traceability

Challenges for Cotton

The business case for sustainable cotton

Image credits:

Page Image Credit
Homepage
  • Banner
  • Why source
  • Sourcing options
  • How to source
  • In practice
  • Mike Canberry coutesy of Cotton Australia
  • Elena Kalinina courtesy of Cotton Australia
  • Stock image – no credit
  • Igor Ovyannyko
  • Istock, no accreditation needed
Cotton at a Glance
  • Banner
  • Circle image
  • From niche to mainstream
  • Elena Kalinina courtesy of Cotton Australia
  • Stock image
  • Max Havelaar-Foundation (Switzerland)
Challenges for Cotton
  • Circle image
  • Small image bottom right
  • IStock photo; credit: vishureddy
  • Dinesh Khanna for C&A Foundation
How can cotton contribute to a sustainable future
  • Circle image
  • Bottom right image
  • Better Cotton Initiative
  • Flickr; Photo by Kimberly Vardeman
What is sustainable cotton
  • Circle image
  • Bottom banner
  • Chetna Organic
  • stock image – no credit
The business case for sustainable cotton
  • Circle image
  • Business benefits – background image
  • Benefits for farmers – background image
  • Stefan Stolle, HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation
  • Adobe Stock ID# #178244618, Author: © krisana,
  • World Bank Photo bank. Photo taken by Ray Witlin
Getting started
  • Circle image
  • Bottom left image
  • stock image – no credit
  • Better Cotton Initiative
Understanding standards, codes and other cotton programmes
  • Banner
  • Circle image
  • stock image – no credit
  • Better Cotton Initiative
Choosing a standard to meet your sustainable sourcing ambitions
  • Circle image
  • Bottom left image
  • bioRe Foundation
  • Flickr_ jenkel
Sourcing options – sustainability considerations
  • Circle image
  • Sam Phelps for Catholic Relief Services
Cotton sustainability standards and codes
  • CmiA Spotlight on Farmers
  • myBMP Spotlight on Farmers
  • Organic Spotlight on Farmers
  • ABRAPA Spotlight on Farmers
  • Other programmes – further information
  • CmiA Papa Shabani_Baluku Bayeya_Mary Mbambu
  • Cotton Australia_The_Burnetts
  • HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation
  • ABR
  • Dinesh Khanna for C&A Foundation
Understanding traceability
  • Circle image
  • Middle left image
  • IStock photo
  • Stock photo
Comparing traceability models
  • Circle image
  • Better Cotton Initiative
Create a cotton strategy
  • Circle image
  • Bottom left image
  • Chetna Organic
  • Dinesh Khanna for C&A Foundation
Overcoming barriers to sustainable sourcing
  • Banner
  • Price tab
  • Internal awareness tab
  • Resource tab
  • Sourcing difficulties tab
  • Vision/values tab
  • Tracability tab
  • Supply chain awareness tab
  • Igor Ovyannyko
  • Photo by Jeff Sheldon
  • Adobe Stock #64427277 , author: © Rawpixel.com
  • Adobe Stock #201373153, author: © mostockfootage
  • UN Photo/FAO/F Mattioli
  • adobe stock # #58113134 , author © full_frame
  • C&A Dinesh khanna
  • Didier Gentilhomme for Fairtrade International
Sourcing options – technical considerations
  • Circle image
  • Texas Organic Cotton Marketing Cooperative
Before you talk to suppliers
  • Circle image
  • Middle left image
  • Bottom left image
  • Flickr_ kimberly Vardeman
  • Better Cotton Initiative
  • Henry Perry Coutesy of Cotton Australia
Working with suppliers
  • Circle image
  • Middle left image
  • Bottom left image
  • reuters/luc gnago
  • CMIA
  • Chetna Organic
Following up after talking with suppliers
  • Circle image
  • Middle image
  • Bottom image
  • CMIA Benin Conou Project
  • Didier Gentilhomme for Fairtrade International
  • Better Cotton Initiative
Learning from others
  • Banner
  • Circle image
  • M&S case study
  • C&A case study
  • ASOS case study
  • Burberry case study
  • Istock, no accreditation needed
  • Adobe Stock #62212457, author © WavebreakMediaMicro
  • Marks and Spencer
  • C&A
  • ASOS
  • Burberry / Thurstan Redding
Links and resources
  • Circle image
  • bioRe Foundation
Feedback
  • Circle image
  • CmiA
References and contributors
  • Circle image
  • Annie Spratt
About this guide
  • Banner
  • Middle row – left
  • Middle row – middle
  • Middle row – right
  • Bottom right
  • istock photo. taken by Michael Valdez
  • SEKEM
  • bioRe Foundation
  • Adobe Stock #101894336 , author © Monkey Business
  • lionel-abrial-17205
WordPress Video Lightbox
Previous:Next:
Next: